Drip Irrigation System & Parts

drip irrigation

Drip irrigation is known for being a very efficient method of watering plants. This form of irrigation applies water directly and slowly to the soil. Drip irrigation places small drip emitters in close proximity to the crops’ root. This provides a much-improved efficiency and makes the system much more controllable.




These emitters are directly connected to the water source by feeder hoses. Another setup is to have the emitters built into the feeder hose instead of rows of independent emitters. This is a trickle hose system.

These systems consist of several constituent parts.

Valve-turn the water flow on or off.
Backflow preventer- reduce the pressure of water flowing through the system and keep it at a constant level.
Filters- used to filter the water.
Emitters – directly control the rate of water.

drip irrigation

Are usually small plastic devices that either screw or snap onto the drip tube or pipe.

This irrigation system is best used for lawn and gardens.  It is easy to install, easy to design, can be very inexpensive.  It can reduce disease problems associated with high levels of moisture on some plants. Soil moisture thereby enhancing production. Irrigation can be carried out day and night and water is supplied where and when required.

 

               

               

               

               

                

               

 

 

Soaker Hose Irrigation System & Parts

soaker hose

soaker hose

If you have a garden, soaker hoses are a great, efficient solution to irrigate plants without wasting water.

The hose permits water to slowly run out through small pores on the complete length of the rubber hose at a flow rate at the ground. The plants will absorb providing the right wet content. The water goes right to the basis zone with very low pressure. A soaker hose is build to work at low water pressure. Choosing the right pore size is important. You want to have a product that can keep the soil moist enough.

Hoses with enlarged holes may produce too much water.
Generally, soaker hoses should produce thick beads of water.

So, if turn the water faucet on too high, over time, water becomes shooting streams.

For this reason, soaker hoses must have an internal plastic regulator.

On the other hand, porous soaker hose watering irrigation is created to permit water to run or to leak water right along the length of the hose. You can wrap the hose twice around plants that need more water.




This simple system works best in vegetable garden beds.
For soaker hoses to perform optimally they would have the most length of 100 feet. Use a garden hose to attach the hose to the tap.

 

               

               

               

               

               

               

                 

Lawn & Garden Sprinklers

lawn & garden sprinklers

lawn & garden sprinklers

An irrigation sprinkler device is a device accustomed irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas.

Home lawn & garden sprinklers vary widely in their size, cost, and complexity. They are impact sprinklers, periodic sprinklers, drip sprinklers, underground mechanical device systems, and moveable sprinklers.

Permanently installed sprinklers could usually operate on automatic processes. These varieties of systems typically are often programmed to mechanically begin.

Portable sprinklers are often temporarily placed on lawns if extra watering is required or if no permanent system is.

These are usually connected to an outside hydrant and are placed for a brief amount of your time.




So you will find the most used:

Stationary sprinklers -for one area until moved and are best for smaller garden beds, individual plants or smaller lawns.

Oscillating sprinklers – are more popular sprinklers designed over larger lawns. They release water through an individual jet nozzle. You can easily adjust the spray pattern.

Pulsating sprinklers- best for evenly watering larger gardens or lawns. They rotate to slowly water the yard in directions automatically.

Traveling sprinklers – they follow the direction of their hose to water your lawn in unique patterns. They water your lawn as they move from one end to another. 

 

 

              

              

              

              

              

              

              

              

              
              

Garden Hose – Tools & Maintenance

garden hose

garden hose

A garden hose or is a flexible tube used to convey water. There are a number of common attachments available for the end of the hose, such as sprayers and sprinklers. Hoses are usually attached to a hose spigot or tap. Garden hoses are typically made of extruded synthetic rubber or soft plastic, often reinforced with an internal web of fibers.

As a result of these materials, garden hoses are flexible. Each male end of a typical garden hose can mate with the female connector on another, which allows multiple garden hoses to be linked end-to-end to increase their overall length. Garden hoses connect using a male/female thread connection. The technical term for this arrangement is a “hose union”. For US the female thread is abbreviated FHT, and the male part is abbreviated MHT. This fitting is used with ​1⁄2-inch, ​5⁄8-inch, and ​3⁄4-inch hoses. In other countries, these abbreviations differ. 

Now are quick-connector systems. These are fittings that screw into the common hose connectors, allowing hoses and accessories to be easily connected together using a snap-fit system.




It has an internal valve that is only opened by connecting the fitting. Through disconnecting a hose using this adaptor causes the water flow to stop. This system is useful for specialized sprayers to be interchanged.

The lenght could be measured in feet(ft), 1ft=30.48cm!