An electric car battery is a rechargeable battery that powers the electric motor of an electric vehicle. It stores energy that is used to propel the car.
Electric car batteries differ from starting, lighting, and ignition batteries as they are using to give power to the electric motor. These batteries are usually rechargeable batteries. Usually, the traction battery pack is placed in the back of the electric car.
There are several types of electric car batteries including lithium-ion, nickel-metal hydride, and solid-state batteries.
The most common battery type in modern electric vehicles is lithium-ion and lithium-polymer. That because of their high energy density according to their weight. The battery pack makes up a significant cost of battery electric vehicles or hybrid electric vehicles.
Electric car batteries can be charged by plugging into a charging station or using a portable charger.
Batteries such as electric car components must be periodically recharging. BEVs most commonly charge from the power grid (at home or using a street or shop recharging point).
Charging time at home has a limit by the capacity of the household electrical outlet unless specializing electrical wiring work is making. Electric cars like Tesla Model S, Renault Zoe, BMW i3, etc. It can recharge their batteries to 80 percent at quick-charging stations within 30 minutes.
You must take care of the quantity of electricity within the battery before charging it.
Sometimes, the batteries have an insert “memory”, and if the battery isn’t run completely before charging it lose a number of its potency.
New Electric Batteries Cost
The cost of electric car batteries varies depending on the type of battery and the size of the vehicle, but generally ranges from several thousand to tens of thousands of dollars.
In 2010, scientists at the Technical University of Denmark paid US$10,000 for a certified EV battery with 25 kWh capacity (i.e. US$400/kWh), with no rebates. According to a study published in February 2016 by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF), battery prices fell 65% since 2010, and 35% just in 2015, reaching US$350/kWh. The study concludes that battery costs are on a trajectory to make electric vehicles without government subsidies as affordable as internal combustion engine cars in most countries by 2022.
Electric car batteries are recyclable up to 95 percent. If you are concerned about the environment and want to save money from gasoline then choose an electric car. You could recycle your battery before buying a new one. So, you will do a great step to a clean medium.
It is advisable to settle on the simplest sort of batteries, for the simplest price, for your car. Doing that you simply have done the simplest for yourself and for the environment.
Some of the major companies that produce electric car batteries include Tesla, LG Chem, Panasonic, and CATL.